24 October 2016

Jacques Brel

Belgian singer-songwriter Jacques Brel (1929-1978) was one of the most important and influential representatives of the French chanson. At the height of his success, in 1966, he chose to stop singing to devote himself to theatre and cinema. Brel has sold over 25 million records worldwide. There have been at least 400 recorded versions of his song Ne me quitte pas/If You Go Away, in over 15 different languages by performers like Marlene Dietrich, Rod McKuen, Nana Mouskouri, Nina Simone and Sting. Seasons in the Sun, Terry Jacks' version of Le Moribond , became a global pop hit in 1974. Brel’s boundless enthusiasm towards life, his inexhaustible energy and his respect for ordinary people remain unforgettable.

Jacques Brel
French postcard by E.D.U.G., no. 262. Photo: Herman Léonard.

Jacques Brel
Belgian collectors card by Merbotex, Brussels for Cine Memlinc. Photo: Studio Vauclair.

Jacques Brel
French postcard by Editions P.I., Paris, no. 36.

Jacques Brel
Dutch postcard by Uitgeverij Syba, Enkhuizen. Promotional postcard for Philips records. Sent by mail in 1963.

Jacques Brel
French postcard by PSG, no. 263. Offered by Corvisart, Epinal. Photo: Sam Lévin.

Jacques Brel
French postcard by E.D.U.G., Paris, no. 179. Photo: Sam Lévin.

Catholic-humanist Troubadour

Jacques Romain Georges Brel was born in 1929 in Schaarbeek, a district of Brussels, Belgium. Brel was the son of Romain Brel, who worked in an import-export firm, but later became co-director of a company that manufactured cardboard cartons, and Elisabeth (Lambertine) Brel. Although the Brel family spoke French, they were of Flemish descent, with some of the family originating from Zandvoorde, near Ieper (Ypres).

After quitting school, Jacques started his working life at his father's cardboard factory, apparently destined to follow his father's footsteps. However, he showed an interest in culture, and began playing the guitar at the age of 15. He joined the Catholic-humanist youth organisation Franche Cordée, which organised concerts and shows and Brel began to sing in public, accompanying himself on the guitar. Here he met Thérèse Michielsen ('Miche') who was to become his wife in 1950. A year later, their first daughter, Chantal, was born. Two years later, daughter France was born.

In the early 1950s, Brel achieved minor success in Belgium singing his own songs. In 1953, Jacques Canetti, a talent scout and artistic director with Philips, invited him to come to Paris. A 78 record, La foire/Il y a, was released, which sold 200 copies. Brel carried on writing music and singing in cabarets and music-halls, where he delivered his songs with great energy. He also went on stage at the famous Olympia theatre, as a supporting act.

Juliette Gréco made a recording of his song Ca va, le Diable. Brel did his first French tour, and at the end of 1954 Philips released his debut album, Jacques Brel et Ses Chansons. By 1956 he was touring Europe and he recorded the song Quand on n'a que l'amour (later adapted into English as If We Only Have Love) that brought him his first major recognition and reached number three in the French charts.

He made his film début in the title role of the short La Grande Peur de Monsieur Clément/The Big Fear of Mr. Clément (Paul Diebens, 1956), which he also co-wrote. With his career taking off, his wife and daughters joined him in Paris in February 1958. In August, his third daughter, Isabelle, was born, but by the end of the 1950s Miche and Brel's three daughters had returned to Brussels, while Jacques was always on tour.

From then on he and his family led separate lives. Under the influence of his friend Georges Pasquier ('Jojo') and pianists Gérard Jouannest and Francois Rauber, Brel's style changed. He was no longer a Catholic-humanist troubadour, but sang grimmer songs about love, death, and the struggle that is life. The music became more complex and his themes more diverse, exploring love, society, and spiritual concerns.

Jacques Brel
French postcard in the series Portraits de Stars - Chanteurs Français by L'Aventure Carto, no. 2. Photo: Marcel Thomas Collection Gérard Gagnepain. This postcard was printed in an edition of 120 cards.

Jacques Brel
French postcard by Edition du Globe, Paris, no. 782. Photo: Studio Vauclair.

Jacques Brel
Dutch postcard by Hercules, Haarlem, no. 862.

Jacques Brel and Heidi Brühl
Dutch postcard by NS, no. 12. With Heidi Brühl.

Jacques Brel
French postcard by Uitg. Takken, Utrecht, no. AX 4421.

Jacques Brel
Dutch postcard by Gebr. Spanjersberg (SPARO), Rotterdam, no. 892.

Jacques Brel
French postcard by Humour à la Carte, Paris, no. 3393. Photo: J.L. Rancurel.

Darkness and Bitter Irony

Jacques Brel was in 1961 contracted by Bruno Coquatrix, director of l'Olympia. Marlène Dietrich had pulled out from a series of shows at the very last moment. Coquatrix wanted Brel to replace her. October 12 to 29, Jacques Brel had star billing at the Olympia for the first time. In 1962 Brel signed with a new record company, the recently formed Barclay Records. Together with his wife, he also founded a publishing company, Editions Musicales Pouchenel.

During the 1960s, Brel was almost constantly on tour. He performed on all the famous stages in the world, including Estrade Theatre in Moscow and Carnegie Hall in New York, where he made his U.S. performing début in 1963. American poet and singer Rod McKuen began writing English lyrics to Brel's songs, and the Kingston Trio recorded Seasons in the Sun, McKuen's version of a song Brel had titled Le Moribond, on their Time to Think LP in 1964.

Brel's romantic lyricism now sometimes revealed darkness and bitter irony. At moments his tender love songs might show flashes of barely suppressed frustration and resentment. His insightful and compassionate portraits of the so-called dregs of society: the alcoholics, drifters, drug addicts, and prostitutes described in L’Ivrogne, Jef, La chanson de Jacky and Amsterdam evaded easy sentimentality, and he was not shy about portraying the unsavoury side of this lifestyle.

On stage, Brel gave additional dimensions to many of his songs, thanks to a strong theatrical sense and an apparently boundless energy. Brel’s appearance at Carnegie Hall in 1965 inspired a musical revue created by composer Mort Schuman and poet Eric Blau. Jacques Brel Is Alive and Well and Living in Paris featured 25 songs by Brel translated into English. The piece ran for five years in New York and played in a number of countries including Great Britain, Canada, South Africa and Sweden.

Brel occasionally included parts in Dutch in his songs as in Marieke, and also recorded Dutch versions of a few songs such as Le Plat Pays (Mijn vlakke land) and Ne me quitte pas (Laat Me Niet Alleen. Brel's attitude towards the Flemish was marked by a love of Flanders and the Flemish countryside, but a marked dislike of the Flemish nationalists ('les Flamingants').

Jacques Brel
French postcard by Edition P.I., Paris, offered by Les Carbones Korès 'Carboplane', no. 1147A. Photo: Hermann Léonard.

Jacques Brel
French postcard by Sofraneme, Levallois Perret, no. R 43.

Jacques Brel
French postcard by Editions F. Nugeron, Star 134. Photo: Air France / Distribution VU. Caption: Jacques Brel, 20 Novembre 1964.

Jacques Brel
Dutch promotion card by N.V. Dureco, Amsterdam. Photo: Barclay.

Jacques Brel
French promotional card by Barclay, no. 248. Photo: Herman Léonard.

Jacques Brel
French promotion card by Barclay. Photo: Hermann Léonard.

Jacques Brel
French postcard, no. 214.

Cinema & Theatre

In 1964 Jacques Brel began to consider retiring from music. He was searching out new forms with which to express himself. He got tired of the exstensive touring and he announced in 1966 that he would no longer go on concert tours. He appeared in the film Les risques du metier/Risky Business (André Cayatte, 1967) opposite Emmanuelle Riva.

In 1968 he starred on stage at the Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie in Brussels and the Champs-Elysées Theatre in Paris in the musical L'Homme de la Mancha/Man of La Mancha which he had also translated into French and directed. Then he took the lead role opposite Claude Jade in the film Mon oncle Benjamin/My Uncle Benjamin (Edouard Molinaro, 1969).

Other films in which he appeared were La Bande à Bonnot/Bonnot's Gang (Philippe Fourastié, 1969) with Annie Girardot, Les Assassins de l'Ordre/Law Breakers (Marcel Carné, 1971), L'Aventure, c'est l'Aventure/Money Money Money (Claude Lelouch, 1972) opposite Lino Ventura and Johnny Hallyday, and Le Bar de la Fourche/The Bar at the Crossing (Alain Levent, 1972) with Isabelle Huppert.

His most successful role was again opposite a stone-faced Lino Ventura in the classic black comedy L'Emmerdeur/A Pain in the A... (Edouard Molinaro, 1973). The film was remade with Jack Lemmon and Walter Matthau as Buddy Buddy (Billy Wilder, 1981). Brel also directed, co-wrote and appeared in two films: Franz (Jacques Brel, 1971) with singer Barbara, and the comedy Le Far-West/Far West (Jacques Brel, 1973), which competed for the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival.

In 1973, Terry Jacks released a revival of Seasons in the Sun that hit number one in both the U.S. and the U.K., followed by a chart entry with his version of If You Go Away. That year Brel had embarked in a yacht, planning to sail around the world. When he reached the Canary Islands, Brel, a heavy smoker, was diagnosed with lung cancer. He returned to Paris for treatment and later continued his ocean voyage.

In 1975 he reached the Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia), and decided to stay, remaining there until 1977 when he returned to Paris and recorded his well-received final album. Jacques Brel died of lung cancer in 1978 in Bobigny in the suburbs of Paris, at age 49. He was buried in Calvary Cemetery in Atuona at the Hiva Oa island in French Polynesia, just a few metres from the painter Paul Gauguin. Quotation: " a man's life, there are two important dates: his birth and his death. Everything we do in between is not very important."

Jacques Brel sings Le Moribond. Source: Pa Patrice (YouTube).

Jacques Brel sings Ne Me Quitte Pas. Source: Agora Vox France (YouTube).

Jacques Brel sings Marieke. Source: alenaapril (YouTube).

Jacques Brel sings Dans le Port d Amsterdam. Source: Lukáš Slunečko (YouTube).

French trailer for L'emmerdeur (1973). Source: TV5 Monde (YouTube).

Trailer Jacques Brel is Alive and Well and Living in Paris (1974). Source: Kino International / Kino Classics (YouTube).

Sources: William Ruhlmann (AllMovie), Louis Girard and Hiram Lee (WSWS), Wikipedia, Éditions Jacques Brel, Europopmusic, and IMDb.

23 October 2016

Else Frölich

In the 1910s, Else Frölich (1880-1960) or Else Frølich was one of the leading actresses of the Danish Nordisk Company. In many Nordisk films she was paired with the male star of those years, Valdemar Psilander, as in the beautifully restored Evangelimandens liv/The candle and the moth (Holger-Madsen, 1915). She also often played in vehicles which were designed specially for her.

Else Frølich
Danish postcard. Photo: Nordisk.

Else Fröhlich
German postcard, no. 7482. Photo: Nordisk.

The Queen of the Season

Else Frölich was born as Eli Marie Thaulow in Paris in 1880. She was the daughter of the Norwegian painter Fritz Thaulow and a Danish mother, Ingeborg Gad, a cousin of the film director Urban Gad. Fritz Thaulow lived in Paris as an international celebrity, and Ingeborg's sister Mette was married to the French painter Paul Gauguin. At the age of 3 years Eli came to Denmark, when her mother married a second time with Edvard Brandes, whom Eli considered her father.

In 1903 Eli married the Danish singer Louis Frölich, whom she divorced in later years (unknown when), but whose name she kept. As 17-year-old she studied singing in Paris and performed with her husband both in Paris and in the Scandinavian countries. She got her first big success with Bear Bjørnsson at the National Theatre in Oslo, where she played the title role in Den glade Enke (The Merry Widow) in 1907. At the Ny Teater (New Theatre) in Copenhagen, she had a huge success with the Dollarprinsessen (Dollar Princess) in 1909.

In 1911 she started to perform in short silent films at the Nordisk film studio and throughout her film career she was exclusively employed there. One of her first appearances was in En lektion/A Lesson (August Blom, 1911) opposite Valdemar Psilander.

In 1912 followed 9 more films. First she played in Guvernorens datter/The Governor's daughter (August Blom, 1912) with Robert Dinesen, and En staerkere magt/A Powerful Force (Hjalmar Davidsen, Eduard Schnedler-Sorensen, 1912).

Then followed five films with Valdemar Psilander and Fröhlich in the leads: Tropisk kaerlighed/Tropical Love (August Blom, 1912), Livets baal/Life's Bonfire (Eduard Schnedler-Sorensen, 1912), Jerbanens dotter/Rail Daughter (August Blom, 1912), Den staerkeste/Vanquished (Eduard Schnedler-Sorensen, Bernhard Holz, 1912), and For Abent Taeppe/Desdemona (August Blom, 1912) in which Psilander and Fröhlich are a couple playing Othello and Desdemona and recognizing their own situation. Next came - still in 1912, Hjaerternes kamp/A High Stake (August Blom, 1912) with Dinesen, and Badets dronning/The Queen of the Season (Eduard Schnedler-Sorensen, 1912).

In 1913 Else played in the comedies Skandalen paa Sorupgaard/The Scandal of Sorupgaard (Hjalmar Davidsen, 1913) with Psilander, Kaerlighed og penge/Outwitted (Leo Tscherning, 1913), and in Djaevelens datter/Devil's daughter (Robert Dinesen, 1913). Director Dinesen also co-starred in this film. The following year she starred a.o. in Detektivens barnepige/Detective Nurse (Hjalmar Davidsen, 1914) and Det gamle fyrtaarn/The Old Lighthouse (A.W. Sandberg, 1914).

Else Frölich and Ingolf Schanche in The Merry Widow
Danish postcard by Ensberelinget M & Co, no. 20, 1907. Photo: Nilse. Publicity still for the Franz Lehar operetta Den Glade Enke/The Merry Widow. The Merry Widow had its premiere in 1905, and the operetta came to Denmark in 1906, where it also was a great success. A year later it was presented in Norway at the Nationalteatret. Else Frölich made her stage début in the title role. Ingolf Schanche played Count Danilo. On the postcard he says: "Thinking I'm all grown father".

Else Frölich & Ingolf Schanche in Den Glade Enke, Valsen_Ensberettiget; 29. Photo Carl Andersen
Danish postcard by Valsen_Ensberettiget, no. 29. Photo: Carl Andersen. Collection: Manuel Palomino Arjona (Flickr). Else Frölich & Ingolf Schanche in Den Glade Enke (The Merry Widow).

The Candle and the Moth

Else Fröhlich was the leading female star of Nordisk along with Clara Wieth and Ebba Thomsen, and she continued to play leading roles in numerous films. In 1915 she starred in Evangeliemandens liv/The Candle and the Moth (Holger-Madsen, 1915), a star vehicle for Valdemar Psilander as the spoiled brat who redeems himself in prison, finds faith and becomes a clergyman.

With her a bit chubby but towering beauty she was perfect for the major (erotic) love dramas, where she often played opposite Psilander or Anton de Verdier. She appeared in En opstandelse/A Resurrection (Holger-Madsen, 1915) with Psilander, Millionaeren i roverhaender/Millionaire in Robber's Hands (A.W. Sandberg, 1915), Kampen om barnet/Battle for the Children (Hjalmar Davidsen, 1915), and Cowboymillionaeren/Cowboy Millionaire (Lau Lauritzen Sr., 1915), with Olaf Fönss.

Else Frölich appeared again with Valdemar Psilander in I livets braending/Crossroads of life (Holger-Madsen, 1916) but it was probably their last film together before he died. On 6 March 1917 Psilander committed suicide. It meant the end of the many films of Frölich with the Danish star.

In 1916 Frölich also appeared in Hendes fortid/Her Past (A.W. Sandberg, 1916), Katastrofen i Kattegat/The Disaster in the Kattengat (A.W. Sandberg, 1916), Gentlemansekretaeren/Gentleman Secretary (1916) with Olaf Fönss, and For syn faders skyld/For His Father's Sake (Holger-Madsen, 1916). In 1916 Else Frölich married film director A.W. Sandberg. They stayed together until his death in 1938.

In 1917-1918, Fröhlich only made a handful of films. She appeared in Den raetferdiges hustru/The Righteous Wife (A.W. Sandberg, 1917) with Gunnar Tolnaes, Et bjarneherte/A Child's Heart (Hjalmar Davidsen, 1917). Finally she played in De mystiske fodspor/The mysterious footprints (A.W. Sandberg, 1918) with Carl Brisson, and Solen der draebte/The Sun that Killed (Hjalmar Davidsen, 1918). Her co-star in the latter was the upcoming new film star Nils Asther, who later would pursue a career in Hollywood.

Else Fröhlich retired from the film set in 1918, after a short but intense career. She participated in the preparation of manuscripts, including Klovnen/Clown (based on an idea by Carl Alstrup) and some Charles Dickens adaptations of her husband. Till 1934, she managed the cinema Merry-Biografen together with her son, Henrik Sandberg. Henrik later became a prolific and successful film producer.

Else Frölich died in 1960. The Danish Film Institute has released a DVD with films with Psilander and Frölich such as Evangeliemandens liv/The Candle and the Moth (Holger-Madsen, 1915), while Eye Institute (the former Nederlands Filmmuseum) owns copies of films like Guvernorens datter/The Governor's daughter (August Blom, 1912).

Valdemar Psilander and Else Fröhlich in Rytterstatuen (1919)
German postcard by Photochemie, Berlin, no. K.1943. Photo: Nordisk Films. Frölich and Valdemar Psilander in Rytterstatuen (A.W. Sandberg 1919). Its German release title was Um das Bild des Königs (For the king's statue).

Else Frølich/Frölich
German postcard by Verlag Hermann Leiser, Berlin, no. 9521.

Else Fröhlich and Waldemar Psylander
Austrian postcard by Edition Projectograph A.G., no. B.K.W.I. Kino 25. Photo: publicity still for Gæstespillet/Guest Game (Eduard Schnedler-Sørensen, 1913) with Valdemar Psilander.

Sources: Det Danske Filminstitut (Danish), Wikipedia (Danish) and IMDb.

22 October 2016

Imported from the USA: Broderick Crawford

The series Imported from the USA is back! Hard-living and hard-drinking American actor Broderick Crawford (1911–1986) was often cast in tough-guy roles. He is best known for his portrayal of politician Willie Stark in All the King's Men (1949) and for his starring role as Chief Dan Matthews in the television series Highway Patrol (1955-1959). In Europe he appeared in some Peplums but also in Federico Fellini’s Il Bidone (1955).

Broderick Crawford
British postcard in the Picturegoer Series, London, no. 1399. Photo: Sam Goldwyn.

Stereotyped as a fast-talking tough guy

William Broderick Crawford was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1911. His parents were Lester Crawford and Helen Broderick, who were both vaudeville performers, as his grandparents had been. Lester Crawford appeared in films in the 1920s and 1930s, and his mother had a minor career in Hollywood comedies, including a memorable appearance as Madge in the classic musical Top Hat.

Young William joined his parents on stage, working for producer Max Gordon. After graduating from high school, Crawford was accepted by Harvard College where he enrolled. However, after only three weeks at Harvard he dropped out to work as a dockworker on the New York docks.

Crawford returned to vaudeville and radio, which included a period with the Marx Brothers on the radio comedy show Flywheel, Shyster, and Flywheel (1932-1933). He played his first serious character as a footballer in She Loves Me Not at the Adelphi Theatre, London in 1932.

Early in his career, Crawford was stereotyped as a fast-talking tough guy and often played villainous parts. He realized he did not fit the role of a handsome leading man, once describing himself as looking like a 'retired pugilist'. In 1937, he gained fame as Lennie in John Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men on Broadway.

Crawford moved to Hollywood, and made his film debut in the comedy Eva en Co (John G. Blystone, 1937), in a supporting role to stars Joel McCrea and Miriam Hopkins. Crawford did not play Lennie in the film version of Of Mice and Men (Lewis Milestone, 1939). Lon Chaney Jr. starred in the film version as Lenny.

However, Crawford was selected for a supporting role in the successful action/adventure film Beau Geste (William A. Wellman, 1939). He followed this up with another important supporting role as a big but kind-hearted lug in the gangster spoof Larceny, Inc. (Lloyd Bacon, 1942) with Edward G. Robinson.

Broderick Crawford
Dutch postcard by Takken / 'T Sticht, Utrecht, no. 3327. Photo: Europa-Columbia.

The pinnacle of his acting career

During World War II, Broderick Crawford enlisted in the United States Army Air Corps. Assigned to the Armed Forces Network, he was sent to Britain in 1944 as a sergeant, he served as an announcer for the Glenn Miller American Band.

After the war, his career was first largely limited to B films in supporting or character roles. Nevertheless, he excelled in roles playing villains. In 1949, he reached the pinnacle of his acting career when he was cast in the Film Noir All the King's Men (Robert Rossen, 1949), based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Robert Penn Warren.

He played the ambitious and sometimes ruthless politician Willie Stark, a character inspired by Louisiana politician Huey Long. The film was a huge hit, and Crawford's performance as the bullying, blustering, yet insecure Governor Stark won him the Academy Award for Best Actor.

The following year, the actor would star in another hit 'A'-list production, the comedy-drama Born Yesterday (George Cukor, 1950) with William Holden. He was memorable as Judy Holliday's boisterous boyfriend.

His Academy Award and larger-than-life persona won him more diverse roles, and he appeared in such varied films as Scandal Sheet (Phil Karlson, 1952), Fritz Lang's Human Desire (1954) and Between Heaven and Hell (Richard Fleischer, 1956).

In 1955, Crawford assumed the starring role as Rollo Lamar, the most violent of convicts in Big House, U.S.A. (Howard W. Koch, 1955). In the film, Crawford's character is a hardened convict so violent he commands the obedience of even the most violent and psychotic prisoners in the prison yard, including those portrayed by such famous tough-guy actors as Charles Bronson, Ralph Meeker, and Lon Chaney, Jr.

Broderick Crawford
Italian postcard by Rotalfoto, Milano, no. 8.

A hard-as-nails police official

Broderick Crawford also worked in Europe. He starred opposite Richard Basehart and Giulietta Masina in Federico Fellini's comedy Il bidone/The Swindle (1955). The film follows the exploits of a group of swindlers, focusing on their aging leader Augusto (Crawford), as they go about their ‘business,’ reaping both rewards and consequences.

He appeared also in Stanley Kramer's melodrama Not as a Stranger (1955) with Olivia de Havilland, Robert Mitchum and Frank Sinatra. He was rather improbable as a fast-draw outlaw opposite Glenn Ford in the Western The Fastest Gun Alive (Russerll Rouse, 1956).

In 1955, television producer Frederick Ziv of ZIV Television Productions offered Crawford the lead role as Dan Mathews in the police drama Highway Patrol (1955–1959), which dramatized law enforcement activities of the California Highway Patrol. ZIV operated on an extremely low budget of $25,000 per episode but Crawford would receive ten percent of the gross receipts per his contract.

While the show's scripts were largely fictional, the use of realistic dialogue and Crawford's convincing portrayal of a hard-as-nails police official helped make the show an instant success. Highway Patrol helped revive Crawford's career and cement his 'tough guy' persona, which he used successfully in numerous film and TV roles for the rest of his life.

Fed up with the show's hectic shooting schedule, Crawford quit Highway Patrol at the end of 1959 in order to make a film in Europe, and try to get his drinking under control. He appeared as the villain in the Italian-French Peplum (Sword and sandal film) La vendetta di Ercole/Goliath and the Dragon (Vitoria Cottafavi, 1960) with bodybuilder Mark Forest as Hercules/Goliath. Later Crawford also appeared in the Spanish Peplum El Valle de las espadas/The Castilian (Javier Setó, 1963) with Frankie Avalon.

Vespa: Broderick Crawford and Giulietta Masina
Italian postcard by Ed Graphicarta, Pontedera for Piaggio in the series Kit Postcards Vespa. Giuliette Masina and Crawford played together in Il bidone (Federico Fellini, 1955).

Bouts of heavy alcohol consumption and large meals

Broderick Crawford's successful run as Dan Mathews in Highway Patrol (1955–1959) earned him some two million dollars under his contract with ZIV. Back from Europe, and having temporarily stopped drinking, Crawford signed to star in King of Diamonds (1961-1962) as diamond industry security chief John King.

In 1962, after the end of the series, Crawford returned to acting in European-made films. Between 1962–1970, Crawford appeared in no less than seventeen additional films, though many of them failed to generate much box office success.

After 1970, Crawford again returned to television. He played the role of Dr. Peter Goldstone in The Interns (Marvin J. Chomsky a.o., 1970-1971). In 1977, he starred as FBI director J. Edgar Hoover in the TV movie The Private Files of J. Edgar Hoover (Larry Cohen, 1977). He would eventually make a series of guest appearances in several made-for-TV movies.

Crawford worked in 140 motion pictures and television series during his career and remained an especially durable presence in television. One of his last roles was as a film producer who is murdered in a 1982 episode of the TV detective series Simon & Simon (Burt Kennedy a.o., 1981-1989). The actor who played the part of the suspected murderer was Stuart Whitman, who had played the recurring part of Sergeant Walters on Highway Patrol.

His final feature film was the Austrian-American production Den Tüchtigen gehört die Welt/The Uppercrust (Peter Patzak, 1982). Throughout his adult life, Crawford was prone to bouts of heavy alcohol consumption, and was known for eating large meals. These habits contributed to a serious weight gain for Crawford during the 1950s. During the filming of Highway Patrol, Crawford's heavy drinking increased. It resulted in several arrests and stops for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI), which eventually gained him a suspended driving license.

Broderick Crawford died following a series of strokes in 1986 at the age of 74 in Rancho Mirage, California. He had been married three times, to actress Kay Griffith (1940–1958; divorced); to Joan Tabor (1962–1967; divorced) and to Mary Alice Moore (1973–1986; his death). He had two sons, Christopher Broderick Crawford (1947-2002) and Kelly Griffith Crawford (1951–2012) from his marriage to Kay Griffith.

Trailer All the King's Men (1949). Source: eddies Movies77 (YouTube).

Italian trailer for Il bidone/The Swindle (1955). Source: chatnel numéro 5 (YouTube).

Trailer for La vendetta di Ercole/Goliath and the Dragon (1960). Source: BestDomainVidz (YouTube).

Sources: Jon C. Hopwood (IMDb), Wikipedia, and IMDb.